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irmão lúcia



Quinta-feira, 27.02.14

conclusões de Sandro

bom, pelo que me é dado ver, a guerra na síria deve ter acabado.

Autoria e outros dados (tags, etc)

por Pedro Vieira às 17:56


18 comentários

De AS GUERRAS NÃO EXISTEM a 27.02.2014 às 19:26

APENAS OS HOMENS EXISTEM

E NEM MESMO QUE TIENGAM LO MISMO DIOS

NUM S'ENTENDEM
No habrá más penas ni olvido
Book
No habrá más penas ni olvido es la segunda novela del escritor y periodista argentino Osvaldo Soriano, publicada en 1978. El título proviene de un famoso tango de Carlos Gardel y Alfredo Le Pera, Mi Buenos Aires querido: "Mi Buenos Aires querido/cuando yo te vuelva a ver/no habrá más penas ni olvido".

Esta novela fue llevada al cine por el director Héctor Olivera en el año 1983, en el film No habrá más penas ni olvido.

Sinopsis[editar · editar código]

La novela relata la lucha interna en la localidad de Colonia Vela entre peronistas de izquierda y peronistas de derecha. A grandes trazos, es una reflexión sobre éste movimiento político durante aquellos turbulentos años.

Historia[editar · editar código]

A pesar de su demorada fecha de publicación, esta novela no fue escrita -como se afirma- en Bélgica, donde Soriano se exilió en 1976 al comenzar la Última dictadura cívico-militar), sino que fue escrita en el año 1974 mientras estaba aún en el país, concretamente en la ciudad de Capitán Sarmiento.
A causa del nivel crítico que esta obra poseía respecto de los sucesos que acontecían por esa época en Argentina, no hubo editor que quisiera publicarla, y es por eso que recién en 1978 se da a luz su primera versión


De AS GUERRAS SÓ SÃ TERNAS a 27.02.2014 às 19:36

QUANDE SUNT ETERNAS

The True History of the Conquest of New Spain (Spanish: Historia verdadera de la conquista de la Nueva España) is the first-person narrative of Bernal Díaz del Castillo (1492–1581), the 16th-century military adventurer, conquistador, and colonist settler, who served in three Mexican expeditions; those of Francisco Hernández de Córdoba (1517) to the Yucatán peninsula; the expedition of Juan de Grijalva (1518), and the expedition of Hernán Cortés (1517) in the Valley of Mexico; the history relates his participation in the fall of Emperor Moctezuma II, and the subsequent defeat of the Aztec empire.

In the colonial history of Latin America, The Conquest of New Spain is a vivid, military account that establishes Bernal Díaz del Castillo “among chroniclers what Daniel Defoe is among novelists”. Late in life, when Díaz del Castillo was eighty-four years old, and residing in his encomienda estates in Guatemala, he wrote The True History of the Conquest of New Spain to defend the story of the common-soldier conquistador within the histories about the Spanish conquest of Mexico. He presents his narrative as an alternative to the critical writings of Fr. Bartolomé de Las Casas, whose Indian-native histories emphasized the cruelty of the conquest; and the histories of the hagiographic biographers of Hernán Cortés — specifically that of Francisco López de Gómara, whom he believed minimized the role of the 700 enlisted soldiers who were instrumental to conquering the Aztec empire. That said historians and hagiographers speak the truth “neither in the beginning, nor the middle, nor the end”, is why Díaz del Castillo strongly defended the actions of the conquistadors, whilst emphasising their humanity and honesty in his eyewitness narrative, which he summarised as: “We went there to serve God, and also to get rich”.

The history is occasionally uncharitable about Captain Cortés, because, like other professional soldiers who participated in the Conquest of New Spain, Díaz del Castillo found himself among the ruins of Tenochtitlán only slightly wealthier than when he arrived to Mexico; a financial state common to many soldiers, who accused Cortés of taking more loot than his agreed fifth of the Aztec treasury. Certainly, the land and gold compensation paid to many of the conquistadores proved a poor return for their investment of months of soldiering and fighting across Mexico and the Anahuac Valley. Another interpretation of The True History of the Conquest of New Spain proposes that the author was one of several family relatives of Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, the governor of Cuba, and mortal enemy of Cortés; many of whom later plotted against the conquistador Captain. Although the narrative thrust diminishes the Cortés–Díaz del Castillo relationship, contrary to the factual record, his complex relationship with Cortés, and the sub-ordinate captains, suggests that, although he represented the faction of Governor Velázquez de Cuéllar in the expedition, Bernal Díaz del Castillo fully honoured his personal and military loyalty to Hernán Cortés.
Controversy[edit]

Historians have criticized the use of The True History of the Conquest of New Spain as a primary source due to Díaz del Castillo’s conflicts of interest, and multiple inaccuracies, including exaggerated accounts of human sacrifice by the Aztecs, misunderstandings of their political organization and leadership models, and misinterpretations of the roles of women in Aztec societies.

Scholars have also raised questions as to the true authorship of The True History of the Conquest of New Spain, pointing to a lack of reliable biographical information on Díaz del Castillo as well as a lack of evidence that he was among Cortés' soldiers in the expedition.

Publication[edit]

The True History of the Conquest of Mexico by Captain Bernal Diaz del Castillo, translated by Maurice Keatinge, London, 1800
Penguin Books edition, 1963, ISBN 0-14-044123-9
References[edit]

Díaz del Castillo, Bernal (1963) [1632]. The Conquest of New Spain. Penguin Classics. J. M. Cohen (trans.) (6th printing (1973) ed.). Harmondsworth, England: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-044123-9. OCLC 162351797.

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